Being able to read and comprehend her social studies homework is only a small part of the reason 10th-grader Kao Vang wants to learn English faster.
A Hmong refugee from Thailand, Vang and 15,000 others like her arrived in the United States beginning in 2004, 5,000 of them making a home in Minnesota, and 1,000 in Hennepin County.
Learning English not only means doing better on homework, but helping her parents, who do not speak English, Vang said.
Vang received help with English and homework Sunday evening by taking part in the Hmong tutoring program provided by the Hmong Minnesota Student Association student group and the University’s Center for Urban & Regional Affairs.
The 20 junior high and high school students involved in the program live in north Minneapolis but attend the Hopkins School District.
They faced violence and bullying while attending schools in north Minneapolis as well as segregation from mainstream English speaking classes, said Jay Clark, the tutoring programs organizer with CURA.
When administration told them they would have to continue going to classes taught mostly in Hmong, some students banded together and transferred to the Hopkins district through the “Choice Is Yours” program, which allows low-income Minneapolis students to enroll in neighboring suburban school districts, Clark said.
Clark said 55 Hmong students ranging from kindergarten through 12th grade now attend Hopkins schools, but many found school to be more difficult when they got there.
“The classes are in English, which in the long-term is really great,” he said, “but, in the short-term is very hard.”
After the Hmong students he worked with approached him, Clark said he decided to go to HMSA to find homework help and role models for the students.
The program ran in beginning stages last spring, but kicked off its first full year at the end of September.
More than 40 HMSA University students signed up to serve as tutors for the program, which will run Sunday evenings at CURA through June.
Jahia Vue , a biology sophomore, said she signed up because she wants to break the barrier that often exists between Hmong Americans, who were born in the United States, and Hmong Thai students, who are refugees.
“When I went to school the Hmong American students didn’t talk to the Hmong Thai students,” she said.
Physics and sociology sixth-year Tien Dang said when he came to the United States he didn’t know much English and wished there had been a program like this for him, which is his reason for tutoring.
“I didn’t really have a good experience at school,” he said. “It’s tough when you don’t know a lot of English and you have to do your homework.”
After hearing about the program through friends who attend the University, Cheng Vang, an international business junior at Metropolitan State University, said he is tutoring to show this new generation of Hmong immigrants that their interest in education can pay off.
“It’s about teaching another person what you know and encouraging them,” he said. “You can teach them that other people have gone through it and their hard work can become something.”
Many of the students in attendance Sunday brought social studies homework — the subject they said is the hardest to understand.
Hue Yang , a ninth grader, said the words used in social studies books are difficult.
“The teacher talks a lot in social studies and we cannot catch the words,” he said.
Yang said he likes working with the University students because they can practice English with them and they can see what it’s like to be a college student.
Yia Yang, community program specialist with the Center for Urban & Regional Affairs, said the students may be new to the country, but they are eager to learn.
“Hopefully, given a few more years, they will be going to school [at the University],” he said.
In coming years, Clark said he wants to open the program to more students, but first some transportation issues will have to be resolved.
Getting the students to campus now requires that they “stuff them in tiny Toyotas and Hondas,” Clark said.
Clark said he ultimately hopes the University will allow the program to use University vans to pick up the students, much like the America Reads program uses vans to transport tutors to students.
The more students the program can expose to the University, the better, Clark said.
“We hope the students think they could be sitting here in the same seats as the Hmong students who are here today,” he said.