The Twin Cities are lot like other parts of the U.S. when it comes to health. “Health is strongly connected to race, income and the specific parts of the metro area in which people live in,” according to a report released earlier this month by the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Foundation of Minnesota.
Specifically, the report found that when compared to whites, mortality rates were 3.5 times higher for American Indians, and 3 times higher for U.S.-born blacks in the Twin Cities. Residents in the highest income areas in the Twin Cities had an average life expectancy of eight additional years compared to those in the lowest income/highest poverty areas.
In a comment on the report, IATP’s David Wallinga, M.D. writes about the role of a community’s environment in public health. “Abundant science now shows that people who live in less healthy, more polluted neighborhoods are sicker and at greater risk for a slew of chronic diseases and conditions than people that are not living in those neighborhoods. And these neighborhoods generally are lower income and more populated by people of color. It is through conscious changes to neighborhood environments that many health improvements are to be had in Minnesota.”
One of the essential elements of a neighborhood’s environment is access to healthy food. But David writes, “Many lower-income communities also lack access to fresh fruits, vegetables and other healthy foods, or even access to full-service supermarkets.”
You can read the full report and comments from David and other local leaders here.