Ethnic makeup changed in North Minneapolis

In a 30-year (1980-2010) population analysis of North Minneapolis, the most striking statistics point to a decline in the overall population, with most of the decline coming in the past 10 years. Over the entire 30-year period, North’s population decline was about 5 percent. However, North experienced significant population growth (5 percent) from 1990 to 2000, and that growth was lost, and then some, because of a 10 percent decline from 2000 to 2010.

Also, in those 30 years, North’s ethnic makeup has changed. In 1980, North was 75 percent White, 16 percent Black, 2 percent Hispanic, 2 percent American Indian, 1 percent Asian, with the remainder of other races or two or more races. In 2010, North was 43 percent Black, 30 percent White, 13 percent Asian, 8 percent Hispanic, 1 percent American Indian, with the remainder of other races or two or more races. Population percentages in the accompanying tables might not appear to total 100, as the Census data notes that Hispanic people can be of any race.

The population decline in the most recent decade cut across all racial and ethnic groups measured, except Hispanics. North’s Hispanic population grew by 58 percent, from 2,977 in 2000 to 4,730 in 2010.

Early data released by the U.S. Census Bureau and the City of Minneapolis provide 2010 figures for general population, for race and ethnicity, and for housing occupancy. This article tracks some of the population and race/ethnicity numbers from the 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 Census data.

North’s White population declined 23 percent, from 23,065 in 2000 to 17,711 in 2010. This followed a 19 percent decline from 1980 to 1990 and a 39 percent decline from 1990 to 2000. The overall 30-year decline in North’s White population is 62 percent, from 47,582 in 1980 to 17,711 in 2010.

After increases of 76 percent (1980-1990) and 50 percent (1990-2000) in previous decades, North’s Black population declined by 5 percent, from 27,290 in 2000 to 25,769 in 2010. Overall, North’s 2010 Black population was two and a half times its 1980 Black population (10,259).

After a 43 percent increase from 1980 to 1990, North’s American Indian population declined in each of the past two decades, for an overall 30-year decline of 37 percent (1,360 in 1980, 845 in 2,010).

In 1980, 335 Asian people lived in North Minneapolis. By 1990, that number had grown to 4,287, and by 2000 it had grown to 9,238. North’s Asian population declined 17 percent, to 7,631, from 2000 to 2010. North’s 2010 Asian population is almost 23 times what it was in 1980.

While most North neighborhoods had a decline in population from 1980 to 2010, three had increases: Folwell gained 8 percent, Harrison gained 2 percent and Near North gained 1 percent. In the most recent decade, only one neighborhood, Lind-Bohanon, had a population gain (4 percent).

The steepest population declines in the most recent decade were in Hawthorne (24 percent), Harrison (23 percent) and Jordan (20 percent). Neighborhoods with the smallest population declines in the most recent decade were Shingle Creek (4 percent), Willard Hay (7 percent) and Webber-Camden (10 percent).

Minneapolis city officials who provided the neighborhood-by-neighborhood statistics quoted in this article based much of their work on the 2000 Census, a time in which almost all residents in the Sumner Glenwood Neighborhood had been relocated for demolition of most of the housing there, and the construction of new housing. Some of that new housing was in place at the time of the 2010 Census, and 2010 statistics for the neighborhood are included. Only partial information for Sumner Glenwood was available for the 1980 and 1990 Census, the unavailable information is missing from the tables.

Data for this article came from the U.S. Census Bureau and the City of Minneapolis.

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