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Pulling political strings: La Befana at Heart of the Beast Theatre
The primordial entrance is echoed time and again by trees, birds, mountains and snow. Against this backdrop an old woman, toting her broom, searches among children across the world to find a holy child.
It’s a legendary image and, in fact, a long-running play. But “La Befana” artistic director Sandy Spieler makes each retelling its own — using a splash of politics and the children those politics affect.
“At the different times that we do it, the current events have us making different scenes,” she said. “What changes is: If you’re going around the world, looking for the holy child, what would you find?”
Who is Befana?
Befana, the play’s wise main character, is the Italian Christmas witch. To Italian children, she acts in a role similar to that of Santa Claus or Father Christmas in the United States and parts of Northern Europe.
As the legend goes, Befana was cleaning her house when the three Magi came and asked her to join them. She declined, broom in hand, so that she may continue cleaning. Later she regretted the decision and decided to stake out on her own in search of the Christ child.
In Italy, Befana is often depicted riding on a broom, bringing gifts to children Jan. 6, the original date of Christmas still observed by the Orthodox churches and now called Epiphany by the Western church. In a 1982 volume of the journal Folklore, Stanley Gee notes that in some parts of Italy, children hang stockings on their fireplace for Befana’s gifts — often sweets, nuts, fruits and trinkets. Elsewhere, children write down wishes on pieces of paper, which they let float up the chimney to reach the witch.
It is said Befana still roams the night that evening once a year, still searching for the Christ child and giving gifts to good children and coal to those who’ve been bad.
As in each year’s production, Italy’s legendary Befana searches the globe for the holy child. This year, she encounters a 12-year-old boy standing watch as an armed soldier and inner-city youths melt down guns to make musical instruments.
“That’s in a way putting a prayer out there; it’s a wish,” Spieler said of the scenes. “To me, there’s a connection to how prevalent guns are and how many children are caught in the crossfire.”
Spieler has been involved in “La Befana” since its first production in 1974. Its 15th staging is in keeping with the mission of the organization. In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre is a puppet theater with a conscience. Its productions blend entertainment with social relevance to enlighten all ages, and “La Befana” is no exception.
The commentary continues this year as Befana tries to enter the United States: She’s turned away by an Uncle Sam caricature and admonished about the lack of social services and health care.
The connection between past and present politics also relies on music. That’s where Jim Parker comes in. Parker, who attended the puppet production as a child, developed and directed this year’s score. He wove music from past performances of “La Befana” into the mix of Italian folk music and his own melodies.
For example, a scene titled the “Landscape of Grief” references the first Gulf War when “La Befana” was staged. For obvious reasons, the motif reappears in this year’s show.
“It’s 14 years later, and it’s still very much relevant,” Parker said. “It helps you to realize the cycles in our own history.”
Combined with the ethereal imagery of the puppets and costumed performers, whether depicting a breezy tree or wistful sprites in a dream sequence, Parker’s music lends the show its primeval feel. This is especially true in the minor chants Parker chose to act as the voices of the three kings, giving their visit to Befana a sense of Byzantine austerity.
The visuals in the production successfully combine some of the indigenous traditions of pre-Christian Europe with the Christianity that co-opted the holiday season.
The Italian witch featured in In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre’s play is said to give good kids sweets and bad kids coal.
“Of course, she is connected to the three kings, which is part of the traditional Christian holiday, but for her it’s also a personal epiphany, a deeply spiritual epiphany,” Spieler said.
Part of that union comes from the cultural milieu in which the La Befana legend arose.
“(The story takes place) when earth-based religious Italy was coming into contact with Christianity marching across its soil,” she said. “I think the story is a way of melding those, of making some sense of it.”
WHERE: In the Heart of the Beast Puppet and Mask Theatre, 1500 Lake St. E., Minneapolis
WHEN: 7:30 p.m. Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays through Dec. 31; 2 p.m. Saturdays and Sundays; final performance 2 p.m. Dec. 31
TICKETS: $24 adults; $16 children and students
©2005 The Minnesota Daily